Multi-beneficiary Workshop Activity 2.3 “Eutrophication reduction measures under MSFD, WFD, UWWTD and Nitrates Directive”

Date: 16-18.05.2016
Place: Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Organizer: ECRAN Secretariat with EC TAIEX Unit

Eutrophication is a complex phenomenon and as well a process by which a body of water acquires a high concentration of nutrients, especially phosphates and nitrates. It may occur naturally but can also be the result of human activity through agriculture and discharges of wastewaters. The nutrients typically promote excessive growth of algae, and as a consequence, high levels of organic matter and the decomposing organisms deplete the water of available oxygen, causing the death of other organisms, such as fish.

Eutrophication is identified as one of the major threats to the environment and still remains a priority problem. With any additional pressure, the status can revert to previous conditions, endangering the ecosystem. Pollution, although localized, affects biological communities and algae blooms are still heavy in some localities in the beneficiary countries.

The workshop will be organised with the aims to discuss the theory, approaches, methodologies and lessons learned in relation with (1) the reduction of eutrophication, (2) the coordination between WFD and MSFD to reduce the nitrogen and phosphorous loads to the environment and thereby to reduce eutrophication, which are the main contributors to the eutrophication, and (3) to see what it can be done to control the eutrophication.

Finally, case studies on (i) assessing eutrophication presenting existing and proposed measures concerning control of marine and inland waters eutrophication, and (ii) on measures proposed for eutrophication management in the ECRAN beneficiary countries.

General Objective

The overall objectives of the workshop are to develop a knowledge base on the importance of the eutrophication process and the reduction measures imposed by the EU Directives and policies in the development of the River Basin Management Plans and the Program of Measures in line with the WFD, and in the Action Plan prepared according to the MSFD requirements.

Expected Results

  • Improved understanding of the topics, challenges and tasks, and related responsibilities along the eutrophication process, and the selection of the reduction measures in the RBMP in line with the WFD and in the Action Plan according to the MSFD;
  • Exchange of experiences and knowledge significantly improved;
  • Key obstacles impeding the tasks implementation and related solutions identified;
  • Active involvement of the participants through the preparation of case studies on eutrophication reduction measures;
  • Guidance documents related to the WG tasks discussed and clarified.